The following projects have been selected to receive support from Michigan Sea Grant. The research will be completed between 2014 and 2016. The next RFP for research projects will be released in 2015.
Developing Stable Open Channel Design
The conventional trapezoidal drain is the main type of drainage ditch in use throughout Michigan. Trapezoidal drains are highly efficient at providing drainage and moving flood flows, but also have a high risk of failure, require more maintenance and contribute to several other problems related to water quality. In contrast, channel design that mimics self-sustaining, natural systems has been shown to improve long-term drain stability and water quality.
The research team will explore if and how the principles of open channel design — a more resilient, natural approach to drainage — can be successfully integrated into existing county drain programs and policies.
Fostering Great Lakes Literacy
The Great Lakes are our most notable and treasured natural resource, providing social, economic and environmental benefits to Michigan and the surrounding region. While most residents have an appreciation for the lakes, public understanding of how they “work” on a scientific and environmental level is often lacking. There is an opportunity to strengthen the role that Great Lakes-related content plays in the state’s K-12 systems. Based on that research and stakeholder input, the team will subsequently make recommendations for enhancing K-12 education in Michigan.
Where People Meet the Muck: Muck in the Saginaw Bay
In several regions of the Great Lakes, including Saginaw Bay, muck is a problem. It has been blamed for poor water quality and economic losses — and it’s not a new issue. Records of muck in Saginaw Bay go back to the 1960s, but other accounts mention problem muck as far back as the 1920s. The muck in Saginaw Bay is thought to be the result of excess nutrients in the system (for example, phosphorous from fertilizers or sewage from combined sewer overflows), though changes in the food web, particularly those caused by invasive mussels, likely add to the problem.
The research team will explore the causes, consequences and possible ways to address the muck problem at the Bay City State Recreation Area in Saginaw Bay, as well as the public perception of the issue.
The following projects are ongoing, with final reports expected by late 2014 or early 2015.
Expanding Michigan’s Aquaculture into a Sustainable Seafood Industry
Aquaculture has grown tremendously on a global scale in recent decades and now meets nearly half the world’s seafood demand. Michigan has the potential to support a vibrant aquaculture industry. However, commercial aquaculture development in Michigan has been stagnant since 1991.This project is designed to identify and address the current underdeveloped aquaculture industry in Michigan. The research team will ultimately develop a Strategic Action Plan for expanding the state’s current commercial aquaculture program into a major sustainable seafood industry.
Assessing the Torch Lake Area of Concern
Torch Lake, located in the Keweenaw of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, was impacted by copper mining from the mid-1800s to the late 1960s. Because of several environmental issues such as fish tumors, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) listed Torch Lake as an Area of Concern (AOC) in 1987. After some clean up, the EPA recently reported that there was not enough information available in order to accomplish rapid remediation of the site. The research team will combine existing information with previously untapped information in order to provide a comprehensive picture of the mining and environmental history of the area, to educate and engage stakeholders and to supply material that can be used to help remediate the site where needed.
Projected Climate Changes on the Grand Traverse Bay Region: An Adaptive Management Framework
Great Lakes coastal communities are already feeling the impacts of climate change and variability. The research team will examine the potential risks that climate variability and change could bring to the Grand Traverse area. The project will consist of interactive workshops and technical assessments conducted by an interdisciplinary team from Michigan State University. The team seeks to better inform stakeholders and the scientific community about the vulnerability of the Grand Traverse Bay to climate variability and change, and will begin a process of adaptive management that should ultimately improve the region’s ability to respond to and mitigate the impacts of change.
Michigan Sea Grant Projects
As part of the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, Michigan Sea Grant was awarded more than $1.5 million to help restore the Great Lakes. The program is leading two projects while assisting on five others. The projects focus on endangered fish, invasive species, beach contamination, water pollution and sound boating and marina operations.
Michigan Sea Grant is leading the following projects:
- Restoring Native Fish Habitat in the St. Clair River
Total Funding: $1.04 million over a 2-year period
New underwater reefs were constructed in the St. Clair River order to encourage native fish reproduction, like lake whitefish, walleye and lake sturgeon. Studies before and after construction will allow biologists to evaluate the impact of the work and improve future habitat restoration efforts. The restoration has seen early success and has led to continued restoration efforts and project funding. See: Fish Restoration in the St. Clair River
- Green Marina Education and Outreach
Total Funding: $478,262 over a 3-year period
Clean Marina programs in Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin are focusing on a plan to reduce pollution from boating and marina activities throughout the region. The project partners are working to establish uniform certification standards that can be applied to marinas throughout the Great Lakes and beyond.
See: Green Marina Project
To learn more about these and other GLRI projects Michigan Sea Grant is participating in, see: Restoration